New Trends in Public Facility Location Modeling

UPF Economics and Business Working Paper No. 755

48 Pages Posted: 12 Jul 2004

See all articles by Daniel Serra

Daniel Serra

Universitat Pompeu Fabra - Faculty of Economic and Business Sciences

Vladimir Marianov

Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile

Date Written: May 2004

Abstract

The past four decades have witnessed an explosive growth in the field of networkbased facility location modeling. This is not at all surprising since location policy is one of the most profitable areas of applied systems analysis in regional science and ample theoretical and applied challenges are offered. Location-allocation models seek the location of facilities and/or services (e.g., schools, hospitals, and warehouses) so as to optimize one or several objectives generally related to the efficiency of the system or to the allocation of resources. This paper concerns the location of facilities or services in discrete space or networks, that are related to the public sector, such as emergency services (ambulances, fire stations, and police units), school systems and postal facilities. The paper is structured as follows: first, we will focus on public facility location models that use some type of coverage criterion, with special emphasis in emergency services. The second section will examine models based on the P-Median problem and some of the issues faced by planners when implementing this formulation in real world locational decisions. Finally, the last section will examine new trends in public sector facility location modeling.

Keywords: Location analysis, public facilities, covering models

JEL Classification: C61, J80

Suggested Citation

Serra, Daniel and Marianov, Vladimir, New Trends in Public Facility Location Modeling (May 2004). UPF Economics and Business Working Paper No. 755. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=563843 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.563843

Daniel Serra (Contact Author)

Universitat Pompeu Fabra - Faculty of Economic and Business Sciences ( email )

Ramon Trias Fargas 25-27
Barcelona, 08005
Spain
(34) 93 542 16 66 (Phone)
(34) 93 542 17 46 (Fax)

Vladimir Marianov

Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile ( email )

Av. Vicuna Mackenna 4860
Department of Electrical Engineering
Santiago
Chile
(562) 354 4974 (Phone)
(562) 552 2563 (Fax)

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