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Socio-Economic Inequalities in Health in Catalonia

UPF Working Paper No. 758

21 Pages Posted: 12 Jul 2004  

Pilar Garcia-Gomez

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of Economics (ESE)

Ángel López Nicolás

Universitat Pompeu Fabra

Date Written: May 2004

Abstract

In this paper we measure the degree of income related inequality in mental health as measured by the GHQ instrument and general health as measured by the EQOL-5D instrument for the Catalan population. We find that income is the main contributor to inequality, although the share of inequality in mental health that can be explained by income is much greater than the corresponding share of inequality in general health. We also find that the variation in demographic structure reduces income related inequality in mental health but increases income related inequality in general health. The regional variations in both instruments for health are striking, with the Barcelona districts faring relatively bad with respect to the rest of geographical areas and Lleida being the health region where, all else held equal, the population reports the greatest level of health. A big share of inequality in the two health measures, but specially mental health, is due to the favourable position in both health and income of those who enjoy an indefinite contract with respect to the rest of individuals. We also find that risky working conditions affect both health measures and are able to explain an important share of socio-economic inequality.

Keywords: Health inequalities, decomposition analysis, Spain

JEL Classification: D63, I12, C21

Suggested Citation

Garcia-Gomez, Pilar and López Nicolás, Ángel, Socio-Economic Inequalities in Health in Catalonia (May 2004). UPF Working Paper No. 758. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=563848 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.563848

Pilar Garcia Gomez (Contact Author)

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of Economics (ESE) ( email )

P.O. Box 1738
3000 DR Rotterdam, NL 3062 PA
Netherlands

Ángel López Nicolás

Universitat Pompeu Fabra ( email )

Ramon Trias Fargas 25-27
Barcelona, 08005
Spain
(34-3) 542 27 08 (Phone)
(34-3) 542 17 46 (Fax)

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