Marital Fertility and Religion: Recent Changes in Spain
University of Chicago, Population Research Center Discussion Paper No. 2004-02
40 Pages Posted: 19 Jul 2004
Date Written: June 2004
Since the onset of democracy in 1975, both total fertility and Mass attendance rates in Spain have dropped dramatically. I use the 1985 and 1999 Spanish Fertility Surveys to study whether the significance of religion in fertility behavior - both in family size and in the spacing of births - has changed. While in the 1985 SFS family size was similar among practicing and non-practicing Catholics, practicing Catholics portray significantly higher fertility during recent years. In the context of lower church participation, religiosity has acquired a more relevant meaning for demographic behavior. Among the youngest generation, non-practicing Catholics behave as those without affiliation. The small group of Protestants and Muslims has the highest fertility and inter-faith unions are less fertile.
Keywords: religion, spain, fertility, religiosity, couple specific investments
JEL Classification: J1, J13, D1
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation