60 Pages Posted: 24 Jul 2004 Last revised: 11 Dec 2007
Date Written: October 10, 2007
This paper examines the relative importance of many factors in the leverage decisions of publicly traded American firms from 1950 to 2003. The most reliable factors are median industry leverage (+ effect on leverage), market-to-book ratio (-), tangibility (+), profits (-), log of assets (+), and expected inflation (+). Industry subsumes a number of smaller effects. The empirical evidence seems reasonably consistent with some versions of the tradeoff theory of capital structure.
Keywords: Capital structure, pecking order, trade-off theory, market timing, multiple imputation
JEL Classification: G32
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation
Frank, Murray Z. and Goyal, Vidhan K., Capital Structure Decisions: Which Factors are Reliably Important? (October 10, 2007). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=567650 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.567650