Social Networks and Labor Market Transitions
38 Pages Posted: 30 Jul 2004
Date Written: July 2004
We study the influence of social networks on labor market transitions. We develop the first model where social ties and job status coevolve through time. Our key assumption is that the probability of formation of a new tie is greater between two employed individuals than between an employed and an unemployed individual. We show that this assumption generates negative duration dependence of exit rates from unemployment. Our model has a number of novel testable implications. For instance, we show that a higher connectivity among unemployed individuals reduces duration dependence and that exit rates depend positively on the duration of the last job held by the unemployed worker.
Keywords: social networks, unemployment duration, labor market transitions, social capital, economic inbreeding
JEL Classification: E24, J6, Z13
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