Links between Multinational Firms and Domestic Firms: A Comparison of the Software Industry in India, Ireland and Israel

LEM Working Paper No. 2003-22

34 Pages Posted: 2 Aug 2004

See all articles by Marco S. Giarratana

Marco S. Giarratana

Department of Management & Technology

Salvatore Torrisi

Department of Economics, Management and Statistics; Bocconi University

Alessandro Pagano

Independent

Date Written: October 2003

Abstract

This paper aims to analyze the role of multinational corporations (MNCs) in the development of the software industry in these countries. The study is centred on software production and IT-related services - software development, chip design and electronic devices design, computer and Internet services such as web design and maintenance, and call centres. The empirical analysis leads to two final conclusions. First, it shows that the evolution of software activities and the role of MNCs vary considerably across these three countries. The main differences concern the time of entry of MNCs relative to domestic firms and the type of activities conducted by MNCs, which appear to reflect different regional comparative advantages. The second final conclusion is that the overall impact of MNCs on the development of the domestic software industry in the three examples analysed is quite controversial. Ireland is the only case where many MNCs entered before the domestic industry started and contributed on various grounds to its emergence, mainly as customers and sources of competencies. In Israel and India, the positive effects of MNCs on domestic firms, such as reputation, access to capital and managerial capabilities, have become apparent only in recent years. This suggests that analysts of MNCs' linkages and policy makers in emerging regions should devote attention to MNCs' entry timing in new industries.

Keywords: O32, F23, R12, L86

JEL Classification: Software, Technological Innovation and R&D

Suggested Citation

Giarratana, Marco S. and Torrisi, Salvatore and Pagano, Alessandro, Links between Multinational Firms and Domestic Firms: A Comparison of the Software Industry in India, Ireland and Israel (October 2003). LEM Working Paper No. 2003-22, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=571363 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.571363

Marco S. Giarratana (Contact Author)

Department of Management & Technology ( email )

Via Sarfatti, 25
Milan, MI 20136
Italy

HOME PAGE: http://www.mgiarra.eu

Salvatore Torrisi

Department of Economics, Management and Statistics ( email )

Piazza dell'Ateneo Nuovo, 1
Milano, Milan 20126
Italy

HOME PAGE: http://https://www.unimib.it/salvatore-torrisi

Bocconi University ( email )

Via Sarfatti, 25
Milan, MI 20136
Italy

Alessandro Pagano

Independent ( email )

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