Females' Willingness to Work and the Discouragement Effect of a Poor Local Childcare Provision

24 Pages Posted: 2 Aug 2004

See all articles by Maarten van Ham

Maarten van Ham

Delft University of Technology - OTB Research Institute for Housing, Urban and Mobility Studies; University of St. Andrews; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Felix Büchel

Max Planck Institute for Human Development; Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

Date Written: July 2004

Abstract

We analyze the effects of regional structures on females' willingness to work as well as on the probability that non-employed women who are willing to work actually will engage in job search. Special permission was granted to link regional data to individual respondents in the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP). Results of a bivariate probit model correcting for sample selection show that high regional unemployment discourages women from entering the labor market. Further, findings indicate that women with young children are willing to work, but that women with young children and mothers who are unhappy with the regional childcare provision are the least likely to look for a job. These findings indicate that high institutional and spatial barriers discourage mothers from entering employment.

Keywords: female labor supply, job search, regional labor markets, childcare provision, bivariate probit model

JEL Classification: R23, J13, J64

Suggested Citation

van Ham, Maarten and Büchel, Felix, Females' Willingness to Work and the Discouragement Effect of a Poor Local Childcare Provision (July 2004). IZA Discussion Paper No. 1220, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=571702

Maarten Van Ham (Contact Author)

Delft University of Technology - OTB Research Institute for Housing, Urban and Mobility Studies ( email )

P.O. Box 5043
2600 GA Delft
Netherlands
+31 15 278 2782 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.maartenvanham.nl

University of St. Andrews ( email )

North St
Saint Andrews, Fife KY16 9AJ
United Kingdom

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Felix Büchel

Max Planck Institute for Human Development ( email )

Lentzeallee 94
D-14195 Berlin, 14195
Germany
+49 30 8240 6427 (Phone)
+49 30 8249 939 (Fax)

Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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