Modeling the Egyptian Stock Market Volatility Pre- and Post Circuit Breaker
38 Pages Posted: 3 Aug 2004
Circuit breakers (price limits and trading halts) are regulatory instruments aiming to reduce severe price volatility and provide markets with a cooling off period. The paper investigated empirically, using daily returns of two Egyptian Stock Market indices the Hermes Financial Index (HFI) and the Egyptian Financial Group Index (EFGI) during the period January 1993 - December 2001, the impact of regulatory policies on conditional volatility estimation. The paper examined four models GARCH, EGARCH, GJR, and APARCH under variety of density functions (Gaussian normal distribution, Student-t distribution, Skewed Student-t and Generalized Exponential Distribution (GED)). The empirical evidence provided in this paper confirms Mecagni and Sourial (1999) findings that the symmetric price limits on individual shares failed to dampen volatility in the market. Furthermore, regulatory and/or structural shifts in the market results in different conditional volatility model structure and using asymmetric models for conditional volatility estimation rather than symmetric models provide better results.
Keywords: Circuit breakers, asymmetric models, conditional volatility
JEL Classification: G12, G14, G18
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation