Are Returns to Ppi in Ldcs Consistent with Risks Since the East Asia Crisis?
24 Pages Posted: 10 Aug 2004
Date Written: August 4, 2004
This paper presents a basic assessment of the financial performance of infrastructure service operators in developing countries. It relies on a new database of 120 companies put together to track the evolution of the cost of capital, the cost of equity and the return of equity for electricity, water and sanitation, railways and port operators in 32 developing countries distributed evenly across low income, low middle income and upper middle income countries. The paper shows that between 1998 and 2002, the average cost of capital in developing countries varied from less than 11% to over 15% across regions and sectors while the cost of equity varied from around 13% to over 22%. Low-middle income countries have recovered relatively well from the East Asia crisis while low income and upper middle income countries have seen their situation deteriorate since the crisis. At the regional level, the main story is that East Asia is recovering quite well from its crisis and that the financial performance of the operators in Africa and Latin America has deteriorated. Eastern Europe and South Asia are doing relatively better but show a large volatility of returns over time and within sectors. At the sectoral level, the railways and the energy sectors have seen their performance deteriorate significantly over the period while the water sector and the port sectors have done relatively better. In all sectors and all regions, the average return to equity has been lower than the cost of equity since the Asian crisis.
Keywords: Regulation, Cost of Capital, Infrastructure
JEL Classification: L51
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation