What Drives the Being Correct Citizens to the Urn? An Empirical Investigation of the Tuning Participation in Switzerland (Was Treibt Die Stimmburger an Die Urne? Eine Empirische Untersuchung Der Abstimmungsbeteiligung in Der Schweiz, 1981-1999)

University of St. Gallen Economics Discussion Paper No. 2004-10

54 Pages Posted: 18 Aug 2004

See all articles by Gebhard Kirchgässner

Gebhard Kirchgässner

Universität St. Gallen; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

Tobias Schulz

University of St. Gallen

Date Written: July 2004

Abstract

First, theoretical considerations and selected empirical results of previous studies explaining participation in elections and referenda are presented. We consider the decision hypothesis, the mobilisation hypothesis, the expressive voting approach as well as two hypotheses which have been developed by political scientists. To test these hypotheses, we use data of Swiss referenda and initiatives from 1981 to 1999. The empirical results strongly support the mobilisation but not the decision hypothesis. That the expected financial consequences of a proposal have an impact on the turnout of optional referenda but not of initiatives is at least somewhat at odds with the expressive voting approach.

Note: Downloadable document is in German.

Keywords: Expected Closeness, Expressive Voting, Campaign Expenditure, Turnout, Direct Democracy

JEL Classification: D72

Suggested Citation

Kirchgaessner, Gebhard and Schulz, Tobias, What Drives the Being Correct Citizens to the Urn? An Empirical Investigation of the Tuning Participation in Switzerland (Was Treibt Die Stimmburger an Die Urne? Eine Empirische Untersuchung Der Abstimmungsbeteiligung in Der Schweiz, 1981-1999) (July 2004). University of St. Gallen Economics Discussion Paper No. 2004-10, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=577423 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.577423

Gebhard Kirchgaessner (Contact Author)

Universität St. Gallen ( email )

SIAW, Bodanstrasse 8
CH-9000 St.Gallen
Switzerland
+41 71 224 23 47 (Phone)
+41 71 224 22 98 (Fax)

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany

Tobias Schulz

University of St. Gallen ( email )

Varnbuelstr. 14
Saint Gallen, St. Gallen CH-9000
Switzerland

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