Why Has IPO Underpricing Changed Over Time?

34 Pages Posted: 20 Aug 2004

See all articles by Tim Loughran

Tim Loughran

University of Notre Dame

Jay R. Ritter

University of Florida - Department of Finance, Insurance and Real Estate

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Abstract

In the 1980s, the average first-day return on initial public offerings (IPOs) was 7%. The average first-day return doubled to almost 15% during 1990-1998, before jumping to 65% during the internet bubble years of 1999-2000 and then reverting to 12% during 2001-2003. We attribute much of the higher underpricing during the bubble period to a changing issuer objective function. We argue that in the later periods there was less focus on maximizing IPO proceeds due to an increased emphasis on research coverage. Furthermore, allocations of hot IPOs to the personal brokerage accounts of issuing firm executives created an incentive to seek rather than avoid underwriters with a reputation for severe underpricing.

Suggested Citation

Loughran, Tim and Ritter, Jay R., Why Has IPO Underpricing Changed Over Time?. Financial Management, Vol. 33, No. 3, 2004. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=578603

Tim Loughran

University of Notre Dame ( email )

Department of Finance
245 Mendoza College of Business
Notre Dame, IN 46556-5646
United States
574-631-8432 (Phone)
574-631-5255 (Fax)

Jay R. Ritter (Contact Author)

University of Florida - Department of Finance, Insurance and Real Estate ( email )

P.O. Box 117168
Gainesville, FL 32611
United States
(352) 846-2837 (Phone)
(352) 392-0301 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://bear.cba.ufl.edu/ritter

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