Fixed Exchange Rates and Trade

42 Pages Posted: 10 Sep 2004 Last revised: 30 Mar 2012

See all articles by Michael W. Klein

Michael W. Klein

Tufts University - The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Jay Shambaugh

Dartmouth College - Department of Economics; Georgetown University - Department of Strategy/Economics/Ethics/Public Policy

Date Written: August 2004

Abstract

A classic argument for a fixed exchange rate is its promotion of trade. Empirical support for this, however, is mixed. While one branch of research consistently shows a small negative effect of exchange rate volatility on trade, another, more recent, branch presents evidence of a large positive impact of currency unions on trade. This paper helps resolve this disconnect. Our results, which use a new data-based classification of fixed exchange rate regimes, show a large, significant effect of a fixed exchange rate on bilateral trade between a base country and a country that pegs to it. Furthermore, the web of fixed exchange rates created when countries link to a common base also promotes trade, but only when these countries are part of a wider system, as during the Bretton Woods period. These results suggest an economically relevant role for exchange rate regimes in trade determination since a significant amount of world trade is conducted between countries with fixed exchange rates.

Suggested Citation

Klein, Michael W. and Shambaugh, Jay, Fixed Exchange Rates and Trade (August 2004). NBER Working Paper No. w10696. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=579227

Michael W. Klein (Contact Author)

Tufts University - The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy ( email )

Medford, MA 02155
United States
617-627-2718 (Phone)
617-627-3712 (Fax)

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Jay Shambaugh

Dartmouth College - Department of Economics ( email )

309 Rockefeller Hall
Hanover, NH 03755
United States
603-646-9345 (Phone)
603-646-2122 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.dartmouth.edu/~economic/faculty/Shambaugh/

Georgetown University - Department of Strategy/Economics/Ethics/Public Policy

Washington, DC 20057
United States

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