The Antecedents and Consequences of Union Commitment: A Meta-Analysis
Academy of Management Journal, Vol. 42, No. 3, p. 304, June 1999
Posted: 6 Sep 2004
To study union commitment antecedents and consequences, we performed a meta-analysis of 76 published and unpublished studies. Using the meta-analytically derived, corrected correlation coefficients, we examined four alternative structural equation models, each testing identical, key union commitment antecedents and consequences. Our results strongly suggest that union commitment has two potent antecedents (i.e., union attitudes and union instrumentality) and explains a moderate degree of the variance in union participation. The covariances show that these constructs are highly correlated but have clear divergent validity. Moreover, our findings suggest that the more dominant socially weaker groups in a union's overall membership, the greater the relative importance of union instrumentality as a predictor of union commitment. Nevertheless, in all of the subsamples examined, the findings indicate that union attitudes are a more powerful predictor of union commitment than union instrumentality.
Keywords: union commitment, instrumentality, meta analysis, union attitudes
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