The Antecedents and Consequences of Union Commitment: A Meta-Analysis

Academy of Management Journal, Vol. 42, No. 3, p. 304, June 1999

Posted: 6 Sep 2004

See all articles by Peter Bamberger

Peter Bamberger

Technion-Israel Institute of Technology - The William Davidson Faculty of Industrial Engineering & Management

Avraham Kluger

Hebrew University of Jerusalem - Jerusalem School of Business Administration

Abstract

To study union commitment antecedents and consequences, we performed a meta-analysis of 76 published and unpublished studies. Using the meta-analytically derived, corrected correlation coefficients, we examined four alternative structural equation models, each testing identical, key union commitment antecedents and consequences. Our results strongly suggest that union commitment has two potent antecedents (i.e., union attitudes and union instrumentality) and explains a moderate degree of the variance in union participation. The covariances show that these constructs are highly correlated but have clear divergent validity. Moreover, our findings suggest that the more dominant socially weaker groups in a union's overall membership, the greater the relative importance of union instrumentality as a predictor of union commitment. Nevertheless, in all of the subsamples examined, the findings indicate that union attitudes are a more powerful predictor of union commitment than union instrumentality.

Keywords: union commitment, instrumentality, meta analysis, union attitudes

Suggested Citation

Bamberger, Peter and Kluger, Avraham, The Antecedents and Consequences of Union Commitment: A Meta-Analysis. Academy of Management Journal, Vol. 42, No. 3, p. 304, June 1999. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=585541

Peter Bamberger (Contact Author)

Technion-Israel Institute of Technology - The William Davidson Faculty of Industrial Engineering & Management ( email )

Haifa 32000
Israel
972-4-829-4510 (Phone)

Avraham Kluger

Hebrew University of Jerusalem - Jerusalem School of Business Administration

Mount Scopus
Jerusalem, 91905
Israel

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