The Effectiveness of Reputation as a Disciplinary Mechanism in Sell-Side Research
46 Pages Posted: 11 Sep 2004 Last revised: 3 Aug 2010
Date Written: April 16, 2008
Using 1983-2002 U.S. data, we examine whether the quality differentials in earnings forecasts between reputable and non-reputable analysts vary as the severity of conflicts of interest varies. We measure personal reputation using the Institutional Investor All-American (AA) awards, and bank reputation using Carter-Manaster ranks. While both personal reputation and bank reputation are associated with higher-quality forecasts overall, their effectiveness against conflicts of interest differs. The severity of conflicts (proxied by the aggregate volume of new equity issues) has a negative and significant effect on the performance of non-AAs at top-tier banks relative to both AAs at top-tier banks and non-AAs at lower-tier banks. In contrast, the severity of conflicts has a positive and significant effect on the performance of AAs at top-tier banks relative to both non-AAs at top-tier banks and AAs at lower-tier banks. These findings suggest that personal reputation is an effective disciplinary device against conflicts of interest, while bank reputation alone is not.
Keywords: Analyst research, Earnings forecast, Analyst reputation, Bank reputation, Conflict of interest, Investment banking
JEL Classification: G14, G24, G28, D82, J44
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation