Worker Displacement During the Transition: Experience from Slovenia
37 Pages Posted: 13 Sep 2004
Date Written: September 2004
The transition to market in Slovenia created labor displacements that were on par or greater than that experienced in North America in the 1980s. A simple theoretical model suggests that factors which raise the probability of layoff should also increase the probability of a quit, predictions that are borne out in data. Probability of both layoffs and quits fell with worker tenure, firm profitability and expected severance costs. Individuals facing a higher probability of displacement accepted slower wage growth than otherwise comparable workers. The incentives to avoid displacement were strong - workers that actually were displaced faced a slow process of transiting out of unemployment with only one-third finding reemployment. Correcting for selection, real wage losses for displaced workers are comparable to those reported for displaced workers in North America.
Keywords: displacement, subsidies, wages, reemployment, Slovenia, selection, specific human capital
JEL Classification: J63, P2
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation