Does Recognition Versus Disclosure Matter? Evidence from Value-Relevance of Banks' Recognized and Disclosed Derivative Financial Instruments

27 Pages Posted: 14 Sep 2004 Last revised: 19 Jul 2012

See all articles by Anwer S. Ahmed

Anwer S. Ahmed

Texas A&M University - Mays Business School

Emre Kilic

University of Houston - C. T. Bauer College of Business

Gerald J. Lobo

University of Houston - C.T. Bauer College of Business

Abstract

We provide evidence on how investor valuation of derivative financial instruments differs depending upon whether the fair value of these instruments is recognized or disclosed. Expanded disclosures and accounting practices prior to SFAS No. 133 and mandatory recognition of derivative fair values after SFAS No. 133 provide a natural setting for comparing the valuation implications of recognized and disclosed derivative fair value information. This unique setting mitigates many of the research design problems with recognition versus disclosure studies. Using a sample of banks that simultaneously hold recognized and disclosed derivatives prior to SFAS No. 133, we find that the valuation coefficients on recognized derivatives are significant whereas the valuation coefficients on disclosed derivatives are not significant. Further, using a sample of banks that have only disclosed derivatives prior to SFAS No. 133 which are recognized after SFAS No.133, we find that while the valuation coefficients on disclosed derivatives are not significant, the valuation coefficients on recognized derivatives are significant. These results are consistent with the view that recognition and disclosure are not substitutes. Our findings suggest that SFAS No. 133 has increased the transparency of derivative financial instruments.

Keywords: Value-relevance, Recognition versus Disclosure, Fair Value, Derivative Financial Instruments

JEL Classification: G14, G21, M41, M44, M45

Suggested Citation

Ahmed, Anwer S. and Kilic, Emre and Lobo, Gerald J., Does Recognition Versus Disclosure Matter? Evidence from Value-Relevance of Banks' Recognized and Disclosed Derivative Financial Instruments. Accounting Review, Vol. 81, No. 3, pp. 567-588, May 2006. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=590182

Anwer S. Ahmed

Texas A&M University - Mays Business School ( email )

430 Wehner
College Station, TX 77843-4353
United States

Emre Kilic (Contact Author)

University of Houston - C. T. Bauer College of Business ( email )

Department of Accountancy & Taxation
4800 Calhoun Road
Houston, TX 77204
United States
(713) 743-4795 (Phone)
(713) 743-4828 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.bauer.uh.edu/Directory/profile.asp?search=Emre%20Kilic

Gerald J. Lobo

University of Houston - C.T. Bauer College of Business ( email )

Houston, TX 77204-6021
United States
713-743-4838 (Phone)
713-743-4828 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.bauer.uh.edu/acct/acctprofile.asp?search=Gerald%20Lobo

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