The Impact of Competition on Bank Orientation and Specialization

64 Pages Posted: 23 Sep 2004

See all articles by Hans Degryse

Hans Degryse

KU Leuven, Department Accounting, Finance and Insurance; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Steven Ongena

University of Zurich - Department of Banking and Finance; Swiss Finance Institute; KU Leuven; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

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Date Written: August 2004

Abstract

How do banks react to increased competition? Recent banking theory offers conflicting predictions about the impact of competition on bank orientation - i.e., the choice of relationship based versus transactional banking - and bank industry specialization. We empirically investigate the impact of interbank competition on bank branch orientation and specialization. We employ a unique dataset containing detailed information on bank-firm relationships and industry classification. We find that bank branches facing stiff local competition engage considerably more in relationship-based lending and specialize somewhat less in a particular industry. Our results illustrate that competition and relationships are not necessarily inimical.

Keywords: Bank orientation, bank industry specialization, competition, lending relationships

JEL Classification: G21, L11, L14

Suggested Citation

Degryse, Hans and Ongena, Steven R. G., The Impact of Competition on Bank Orientation and Specialization (August 2004). CEPR Discussion Paper No. 4543. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=594863

Hans Degryse (Contact Author)

KU Leuven, Department Accounting, Finance and Insurance ( email )

Naamsestraat 69
Leuven, B-3000
Belgium

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

London
United Kingdom

Steven R. G. Ongena

University of Zurich - Department of Banking and Finance ( email )

Schönberggasse 1
Zürich, 8001
Switzerland

Swiss Finance Institute

c/o University of Geneva
40, Bd du Pont-d'Arve
CH-1211 Geneva 4
Switzerland

KU Leuven ( email )

Oude Markt 13
Leuven, Vlaams-Brabant 3000
Belgium

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

London
United Kingdom

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