The Interplay between Smallholder Farmers and Fragile Tropical Agroecosystems in the Kenyan Highlands

35 Pages Posted: 1 Nov 2004

See all articles by Christopher B. Barrett

Christopher B. Barrett

Cornell University - Charles H. Dyson School of Applied Economics & Management

Alice Pell

Cornell University

David Mbugua

World Argoforestry Centre (ICRAF); Cornell University

Lou Verchot

World Argoforestry Centre (ICRAF)

Lawrence E. Blume

Cornell University - Department of Economics; Institute for Advanced Studies (IHS); Santa Fe Institute

Javier Gamara

affiliation not provided to SSRN

James Kinyangi

Cornell University

Johannes Lehmann

Cornell University

Alice Odenyo

World Argoforestry Centre (ICRAF); Cornell University

Solomon Ngoze

Cornell University

Ben Okumu

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Max Pfeffer

Cornell University

Paswel Marenya

Cornell University

Susan Riha

Cornell University - New York State Water Resources Institute

Justine Wangila

World Argoforestry Centre (ICRAF)

Abstract

That farmers rely on the land for their livelihoods is obvious. The converse, that ecosystem services depend on farmers' behaviors, must also be recognized if agricultural productivity is to be improved. In sub Saharan Africa, the 70% of the population employed in the agricultural sector (Sanchez 2002) is engaged in an on-going 'dialogue' with the agricultural natural resource base. Recently, this conversation has not been going well: per capita food production has remained stagnant for the last 40 years so now 180 million on the continent lack adequate food, a number that has increased by 100% since 1970 (Sanchez 2002). To provide adequate diets to the African population, increases in crop yields of 3.0 to 3.5% y-1 are needed (Reardon et al. 2001), but such increases have not been realized as average maize yields have remained static at 1200 kg ha-1.

Suggested Citation

Barrett, Christopher B. and Pell, Alice and Mbugua, David and Verchot, Lou and Blume, Lawrence E. and Gamara, Javier and Kinyangi, James and Lehmann, Johannes and Odenyo, Alice and Ngoze, Solomon and Okumu, Ben and Pfeffer, Max and Marenya, Paswel and Riha, Susan and Wangila, Justine, The Interplay between Smallholder Farmers and Fragile Tropical Agroecosystems in the Kenyan Highlands. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=601270 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.601270

Christopher B. Barrett (Contact Author)

Cornell University - Charles H. Dyson School of Applied Economics & Management ( email )

315 Warren Hall
Ithaca, NY 14853-7801
United States
607-255-4489 (Phone)
607-255-9984 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://aem.cornell.edu/faculty_sites/cbb2/

Alice Pell

Cornell University ( email )

Ithaca, NY 14853
United States

David Mbugua

World Argoforestry Centre (ICRAF) ( email )

United Nations Avenue, Gigiri
P.O. Box 30677-00100 GPO
Nairobi
Kenya

Cornell University ( email )

Ithaca, NY 14853
United States

Lou Verchot

World Argoforestry Centre (ICRAF) ( email )

United Nations Avenue, Gigiri
P.O. Box 30677-00100 GPO
Nairobi
Kenya

Lawrence E. Blume

Cornell University - Department of Economics ( email )

414 Uris Hall
Ithaca, NY 14853-7601
United States
607-255-9530 (Phone)

Institute for Advanced Studies (IHS)

Josefstädter Straße 39
1080 Vienna
Austria

Santa Fe Institute

1399 Hyde Park Road
Santa Fe, NM 87501
United States

Javier Gamara

affiliation not provided to SSRN

No Address Available

James Kinyangi

Cornell University ( email )

Ithaca, NY 14853
United States

Johannes Lehmann

Cornell University ( email )

Ithaca, NY 14853
United States

Alice Odenyo

World Argoforestry Centre (ICRAF) ( email )

United Nations Avenue, Gigiri
P.O. Box 30677-00100 GPO
Nairobi
Kenya

Cornell University ( email )

Ithaca, NY 14853
United States

Solomon Ngoze

Cornell University ( email )

Ithaca, NY 14853
United States

Ben Okumu

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Max Pfeffer

Cornell University ( email )

Ithaca, NY 14853
United States

Paswel Marenya

Cornell University ( email )

Ithaca, NY 14853
United States

Susan Riha

Cornell University - New York State Water Resources Institute ( email )

1023 Bradfield Hall
Ithaca, NY 14853-1901
United States

Justine Wangila

World Argoforestry Centre (ICRAF) ( email )

United Nations Avenue, Gigiri
P.O. Box 30677-00100 GPO
Nairobi
Kenya

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