Employment Protection, International Specialization, and Innovation
Universitat Pompeu Fabra Economics Working Paper No. 256
Posted: 4 Nov 1997
We develop a model to analyze the implications of firing costs on incentives for R&D and international specialization. The Key idea is paying the firing cost, the country with a rigid labor market will tend to produce relatively secure goods, at a late stage of their product life cycle. Under international trade, an international product cycle emerges where, roughly, new goods are first produced in the low firing cost country which will specialize in "secondary innovations," that is, improvements in existing goods, while the low firing cost country will specialize more in "primary innovation," that is, invention of new goods.
JEL Classification: F12, F17, J21, J32, O3
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