Why Don't African Manufacturing Enterprises Export More? The Role of Trade Policy, Infrastructure Quality and Enterprise Characteristics

33 Pages Posted: 13 Oct 2004

See all articles by George R. G. Clarke

George R. G. Clarke

Texas A&M International University - A.R. Sanchez Jr., School of Business

Date Written: October 2004

Abstract

There has been much concern about Africa's recent export performance. Africa's share of world exports has declined and most countries are highly dependent upon a narrow range of primary commodities for export earnings. This article looks at factors that affect the export performance of manufacturing enterprises in eight African countries. In addition to enterprise characteristics (e.g., size, ownership and education of the manager), policy-related variables also affect export performance. Manufacturing enterprises are less likely to export in countries with restrictive trade and customs regulation and poor customs administration. The quality of domestic transportation infrastructure also appears to affect export performance, although the coefficient on this variable is statistically insignificant.

Keywords: Exports, Sub-Saharan Africa, Customs Administration

JEL Classification: F13, F14, O19

Suggested Citation

Clarke, George, Why Don't African Manufacturing Enterprises Export More? The Role of Trade Policy, Infrastructure Quality and Enterprise Characteristics (October 2004). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=602661 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.602661

George Clarke (Contact Author)

Texas A&M International University - A.R. Sanchez Jr., School of Business ( email )

5201 University Blvd.
Laredo, TX 78041-1900
United States

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