Biogeography and Long-Run Economic Development

37 Pages Posted: 18 Nov 2008 Last revised: 23 Jan 2010

See all articles by Douglas A. Hibbs

Douglas A. Hibbs

University of Gothenburg - Center for Public Sector Research (CEFOS)

Ola Olsson

University of Gothenburg

Date Written: May 14, 2002

Abstract

The transition from a hunter-gatherer economy to agricultural production, which made possible the endogenous technological progress that ultimately led to the Industrial Revolution, is one of the most important events in thousands of years of humankind's economic development. In this paper we present theory and evidence showing that geographic and initial biogeographic conditions exerted decisive influence on the location and timing of transitions to sedentary agriculture, to complex social organization and, eventually, to modern industrial production. Evidence from a large cross-section of countries indicates that the effects of geography and biogeography on contemporary levels of economic development are remarkably strong.

Keywords: geography, biogeography and growth, economic development, agricultural revolution, institutions and growth, plants, animals and growth, Jared Diamond

JEL Classification: : N10; N50; O10; O41

Suggested Citation

Hibbs, Douglas A. and Olsson, Ola, Biogeography and Long-Run Economic Development (May 14, 2002). European Economic Review European Economic Review, Vol. 49, pp. 565-586, 2005, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=606184

Douglas A. Hibbs (Contact Author)

University of Gothenburg - Center for Public Sector Research (CEFOS) ( email )

Sweden

HOME PAGE: http://www.douglas-hibbs.com/

Ola Olsson

University of Gothenburg ( email )

Vasagatan 1
Goteborg, 405 30
Sweden

HOME PAGE: http://https://sites.google.com/site/econolaols/home

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