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'Plurality Heuristic' in Perceptions of Procedural Fairness in ADR: Effects of the Number of Mediators and the Distribution of Judgments

16 Pages Posted: 25 Oct 2004  

Keiko Imazai

Tohoku University

Ken-ichi Ohbuchi

Tohoku University

Kei-ichiro Imazai

Tohoku University

Date Written: June 15, 2004

Abstract

When participants do not expect that a conflict will be resolved by direct negotiation, they may ask a third party to intervene in the conflicts. In Japan, the civil trial has been the sole social institution of third party intervention which disputants can use for difficult conflicts. In a civil trial, the trial process is enacted using formally defined procedures. Examining the case according to law and precedence, the judge makes judgments in which each disputant has to accept the deserved outcomes. Since a civil trial requires much time and expense, however, it is not easily available to people. For this reason, recently, ADR has been adopted because it is easier for people to access than a trial.

Keywords: procedural fairness, third party intervention, conflict resolutions

JEL Classification: D74, J52

Suggested Citation

Imazai, Keiko and Ohbuchi, Ken-ichi and Imazai, Kei-ichiro, 'Plurality Heuristic' in Perceptions of Procedural Fairness in ADR: Effects of the Number of Mediators and the Distribution of Judgments (June 15, 2004). IACM 17th Annual Conference Paper. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=609282 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.609282

Keiko Imazai (Contact Author)

Tohoku University ( email )

SKK Building, Katahira 2
Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8577
Japan

Ken-ichi Ohbuchi

Tohoku University ( email )

SKK Building, Katahira 2
Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8577
Japan

Kei-ichiro Imazai

Tohoku University

SKK Building, Katahira 2
Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8577
Japan

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