A Map for You? Geographic Information Systems in the Social Services

Working Paper No. 97-08

Posted: 16 May 2000

See all articles by Magaly Queralt

Magaly Queralt

Wellesley Child Care Research Partnership

Ann Dryden Witte

Wellesley College - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Date Written: September 1997

Abstract

We introduce and illustrate the use of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) for administration, practice, and research in the social services. Our illustrations use 1996/1997 child care licensing data for the Lowell/Framingham area of Massachusetts and Resource and Referral (R&R) data from the Dade County/Greater Miami area of Florida. By mapping the location of child care centers, we show how the location and characteristics of service providers can be depicted on a map that can be made available to clients. Mapping the ratio of child care slots to the number of children in the population, we sho how social service workers and locate and study areas with potential service-availability gaps. Mapping the take-up rate for child care subsidies, we show how administratiors can identify areas for potential client outreach. Finally, we map the "daily schlep" for poor families in one area of Miami. This map suggests that the transportation problem of poor is primarily a work transportation problem and not a child care transportation issue and provides support for the hypothesis of a spatial mismatch between home and jobs for poor families.

JEL Classification: J13

Suggested Citation

Queralt, Magaly and Dryden Witte, Ann, A Map for You? Geographic Information Systems in the Social Services (September 1997). Working Paper No. 97-08, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=60955

Magaly Queralt (Contact Author)

Wellesley Child Care Research Partnership ( email )

Wellesley College
Wellesley, MA 02481
United States

Ann Dryden Witte

Wellesley College - Department of Economics ( email )

106 Central Street
Wellesley, MA 02181
United States
781-283-2163 (Phone)
781-283-2177 (Fax)

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

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