Do Households Gain from Community-Based Natural Resource Management? An Evaluation of Community Conservancies in Namibia

25 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016

See all articles by Sushenjit Bandyopadhyay

Sushenjit Bandyopadhyay

World Bank

Michael N. Humavindu

Government of Namibia - Ministry of Environment and Tourism

Priya Shyamsundar

World Bank - Environment and Natural Resources Division

Limin Wang

World Bank - Research Department

Date Written: June 7, 2004

Abstract

Community-based natural resource management is an important strategy to conserve and sustainably use biodiversity and wildlife in Namibia. The authors examine the extent to which conservancies have been successful in meeting their primary goal of improving the lives of rural households. They evaluate the benefits of community conservancies in Namibia by asking three questions:

- Do conservancies increase household welfare? - Are conservancies pro-poor? - Do participants in conservancies gain more relative to those who choose not to participate?

The authors base their analyses on a 2002 survey covering seven conservancies and 1,192 households. The results suggest that community conservancies have a positive impact on household welfare. This impact is poverty-neutral in some regions and pro-poor in others. Further, welfare benefits from conservancies appear to be somewhat evenly distributed between participant and nonparticipant households.

This paper - a product of the Environment Department - is part of a larger effort in the department to understand the linkages between poverty and the environment.

Suggested Citation

Bandyopadhyay, Sushenjit and Humavindu, Michael N. and Shyamsundar, Priya and Wang, Limin, Do Households Gain from Community-Based Natural Resource Management? An Evaluation of Community Conservancies in Namibia (June 7, 2004). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 3337. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=610381

Sushenjit Bandyopadhyay

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Michael N. Humavindu

Government of Namibia - Ministry of Environment and Tourism

Private Bag 13346
Windhoek
Namibia

Priya Shyamsundar

World Bank - Environment and Natural Resources Division ( email )

Washington, DC 20433
United States

Limin Wang (Contact Author)

World Bank - Research Department ( email )

1818 H Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20433
United States
202-473-7596 (Phone)
202-522-1735 (Fax)

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