Analysing Perceived Downside Risk: The Component Value-at-Risk Framework

25 Pages Posted: 30 Nov 2004

See all articles by Winfried G. Hallerbach

Winfried G. Hallerbach

Robeco Asset Management, Quantitative Investment Research

Albert J. Menkveld

VU Amsterdam; Tinbergen Institute


Multinational companies face increasing risks arising from external risk factors, e.g. exchange rates, interest rates and commodity prices, which they have learned to hedge using derivatives. However, despite increasing disclosure requirements, a firm's net risk profile may not be transparent to shareholders. We develop the 'Component Value-at-Risk (VaR)' framework for companies to identify the multi-dimensional downside risk profile as perceived by shareholders. This framework allows for decomposing downside risk into components that are attributable to each of the underlying risk factors. The firm can compare this perceived VaR, including its composition and dynamics, to an internal VaR based on net exposures as it is known to the company. Any differences may lead to surprises at times of earnings announcements and thus constitute a litigation threat to the firm. It may reduce this information asymmetry through targeted communication efforts.

Suggested Citation

Hallerbach, Winfried George and Menkveld, Albert J., Analysing Perceived Downside Risk: The Component Value-at-Risk Framework. European Financial Management, Vol. 10, No. 4, pp. 567-591, December 2004. Available at SSRN:

Winfried George Hallerbach (Contact Author)

Robeco Asset Management, Quantitative Investment Research ( email )

Weena 850
Rotterdam, 3014 DA
+31102242316 (Phone)


Albert J. Menkveld

VU Amsterdam ( email )

De Boelelaan 1105
Amsterdam, 1081HV
+31 20 5986130 (Phone)
+31 20 5986020 (Fax)

Tinbergen Institute ( email )

Gustav Mahlerplein 117
Amsterdam, 1082 MS

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