How Different are Immigrants? A Cross-Country and Cross-Survey Analysis of Educational Achievement

47 Pages Posted: 16 Nov 2004

See all articles by Sylke V. Schnepf

Sylke V. Schnepf

University of Southampton - Southampton Statistical Sciences Research Institute (S3RI); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Date Written: November 2004

Abstract

This paper examines differences in educational achievement between immigrants and natives in ten countries with a high population of immigrant pupils: Australia, Canada, France, Germany, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Sweden, Switzerland, the UK and the USA. The first step of the analysis shows how far countries differ regarding immigrants' educational disadvantage. In a second step, the paper compares immigrants' characteristics across countries focusing predominantly on socioeconomic status, language proficiency, immigrants' time spent in the host country and patterns of school segregation. Using a regression framework the last step of the analysis investigates how far these determinants of educational achievement can explain immigrants' educational disadvantage in the countries examined. The paper evaluates whether results found are robust across different sources of achievement data: the Trends in International Maths and Science Study (TIMSS), the Programme of International Student Assessment (PISA) and the Programme of International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS).

Keywords: education, immigration, PISA, TIMSS, PIRLS

JEL Classification: I21, J15, O15

Suggested Citation

Schnepf, Sylke V., How Different are Immigrants? A Cross-Country and Cross-Survey Analysis of Educational Achievement (November 2004). IZA Discussion Paper No. 1398. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=621062

Sylke V. Schnepf (Contact Author)

University of Southampton - Southampton Statistical Sciences Research Institute (S3RI) ( email )

Southampton SO17 1BJ
United Kingdom

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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