Genetically Modified Rice Adoption: Implications for Welfare and Poverty Alleviation
24 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Date Written: August 19, 2004
The first generation of genetically modified (GM) crop varieties sought to increase producer profitability through cost reductions or higher yields, while the next generation of GM food research is focusing on breeding for attributes of interest to consumers. "Golden rice" has been genetically engineered to contain a higher level of vitamin A and thereby boost the health of poor people in developing countries. Anderson, Jackson, and Nielsen analyze the potential economic effects of adopting both types of innovation in Asia, including its impact on rice producers and other consumers. They do so using the global economywide computable general equilibrium model known as GTAP. The results suggest that farm productivity gains could be dwarfed by the welfare gains resulting from the potential health-enhancing attributes of golden rice which would boost the productivity of unskilled workers among Asia's poor.
This paper - a product of the Trade Team, Development Research Group - is part of a larger effort in the group to understand the global economic effects of agricultural biotechnology policies.
Keywords: Biotechnology, GMOs, regulation, trade policy, computable general equilibrium
JEL Classification: C68, D58, F13, O3, Q17, Q18
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