International Economic Activities and the Demand for Skilled Labor: Evidence from Brazil and China

43 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016

See all articles by Pablo Fajnzylber

Pablo Fajnzylber

World Bank - Economic Development Institute; Federal University of Minas Gerais

Ana M. Fernandes

World Bank - International Trade Division; World Bank

Date Written: September 27, 2004

Abstract

Increases in international economic integration can lead to greater specialization according to comparative advantage, but also to the diffusion of skill-biased technologies. In developing countries characterized by relative abundance of unskilled labor, these factors can have opposite effects on the relative demand for skilled labor. Fajnzylber and Fernandes investigate the impact of the use of imported inputs, exports, and foreign direct investment on the demand for skilled workers by Brazilian and Chinese manufacturing plants. They find that while in Brazil increased levels of international integration are associated with an increased demand for skilled labor, the opposite is true in China.

This paper - a product of the Growth and Investment Team, Development Research Group - is part of a larger effort in the group to study the links between globalization and labor markets.

Keywords: technology diffusion, labor demand, trade and labor market interactions, foreign direct investment, exports

JEL Classification: F02, F16, J23, J31, O33

Suggested Citation

Fajnzylber, Pablo R. and Fernandes, Ana Margarida, International Economic Activities and the Demand for Skilled Labor: Evidence from Brazil and China (September 27, 2004). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=625304

Pablo R. Fajnzylber

World Bank - Economic Development Institute ( email )

1818 H Street
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Federal University of Minas Gerais ( email )

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+55 31 32799162 (Phone)

Ana Margarida Fernandes (Contact Author)

World Bank - International Trade Division

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Washington, DC 20433
United States

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20433
United States

HOME PAGE: http://econ.worldbank.org/staff/afernandes

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