No One True Path: Uncovering the Interplay between Geography, Institutions, and Fractionalization in Economic Development
Journal of Applied Econometrics, Vol. 25, No. 7, 2010.
49 Pages Posted: 3 Dec 2004 Last revised: 24 Apr 2011
Date Written: February 8, 2008
Do institutions rule when explaining cross-country divergence? By employing regression tree analysis to uncover the existence and nature of multiple development clubs and growth regimes, this paper finds that to a large extent they do. However, the role of ethnic fractionalization cannot be dismissed. The findings suggest that sufficiently high-quality institutions may be necessary for the negative impact on development from high levels of ethnic fractionalization to be mitigated. Interestingly, I find no role for geographic factors; neither those associated with climate nor physical isolation, in explaining divergence. There is also no evidence to suggest a role for religious fractionalization.
Keywords: Data mining, regression trees, institutions, geography, fractionalization, economic growth, Africa
JEL Classification: C45, C49, C52, N15, N16, N17, O10
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation