Urban Transport Policies: The Dutch Struggle with Market Failures and Policy Failures

Tinbergen Institute Discussion Paper No. TI 04-126/3

24 Pages Posted: 1 Dec 2004

See all articles by Piet Rietveld

Piet Rietveld

VU University Amsterdam - Department of Spatial Economics (Deceased)

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: November 2004

Abstract

Transport is characterised by market failures that are of particular importance in urban settings. This paper reviews market failures and policy failures in The Netherlands for various transport markets, including road transport, public transport and biking. Special attention is paid to parking problems, and possibilities to cope with these by pricing measures. It is demonstrated that in some cases parking externalities lead to non-convexities that make pricing policies less attractive. In that case parking restrictions are called for. A general shift is observed from national to municipality policy initiatives. In terms of both effectiveness and social and political acceptability, the municipal policies definitely score better.

Keywords: Parking, infrastructure, pricing, bicycle use, market failure

JEL Classification: R41, R42, R48

Suggested Citation

Rietveld, Piet, Urban Transport Policies: The Dutch Struggle with Market Failures and Policy Failures (November 2004). Tinbergen Institute Discussion Paper No. TI 04-126/3. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=625923 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.625923

Piet Rietveld (Contact Author)

VU University Amsterdam - Department of Spatial Economics (Deceased)

De Boelelaan 1105
1081HV Amsterdam
Netherlands
+31 20 4446097 (Phone)
+31 20 4446004 (Fax)

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