International Process Standards and North-South Trade
Review of Development Economics
Posted: 10 Mar 1998
This paper examines the choice between alternative trade-based approaches to reducing global environmental damage, such as trade-related process standards and tariff-based approaches. Estimates of the effects of alternative policies are presented, using a calibrated global trade model with pollution externalities. Our findings are that both trade-related process standards and tariff-based policies are rather ineffective at reducing global emissions. The adoption of general process standards, however, might be exceedingly costly to developing countries.
JEL Classification: D58, F1, Q2
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation