Recent Developments in Part-Time Work in Eu-15 Countries: Trends and Policy

36 Pages Posted: 1 Dec 2004

See all articles by Hielke Buddelmeyer

Hielke Buddelmeyer

Melbourne Institute; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Gilles Mourre

European Union - European Commission

Melanie E. Ward-Warmedinger

European Central Bank (ECB); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Date Written: November 2004

Abstract

A growing part-time employment share has been a main feature of a number of industrialized countries over the past two decades. A considerable variation in the rate of part-time work is evident by gender, age group, industrial sector and occupation. The stylized facts support the view that part-time employment represents an important opportunity particularly for young, older and female workers to enter the labour markets of the European Union. For the majority of workers in these groups, the decision to work part-time has been a voluntary one, which is all the more satisfactory in terms of welfare maximization.

Our results indicate that the development of the part-time employment rate over time and the strong variation in the PTR across countries are significantly affected by policy and institutions. In particular policy measures geared toward encouraging part-time work are found to be positively related to actual part-time developments. These measures include both the legal framework directly affecting part-time positions and the creation of financial incentives (subsidies and improvement of social protection) to take up a part-time job. Moreover, other labour market institutions, including benefit systems and the stringency of employment protection legislation for regular contracts, are found to significantly but indirectly influence the growth in part-time work.

Keywords: part-time employment, labour supply, labour market policies, institutions, regulations, subsidies

JEL Classification: J21, J22, J28

Suggested Citation

Buddelmeyer, Hielke and Mourre, Gilles and Ward-Warmedinger, Melanie E., Recent Developments in Part-Time Work in Eu-15 Countries: Trends and Policy (November 2004). IZA Discussion Paper No. 1415. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=628042

Hielke Buddelmeyer (Contact Author)

Melbourne Institute ( email )

161 Barry Street
Level 7
Parkville, Victoria 3010
Australia
+61383442091 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.melbourneinstitute.com

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Gilles Mourre

European Union - European Commission ( email )

Rue de la Loi 200
Brussels, B-1049
Belgium

Melanie E. Ward-Warmedinger

European Central Bank (ECB) ( email )

Sonnemannstrasse 22
Frankfurt am Main, 60314
Germany

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

London
United Kingdom

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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