Bank Ownership and Performance
IADB Working Paper No. 518
Posted: 10 Dec 2004
This paper builds a new dataset of bank ownership and bank performance covering approximately 50,000 observations for 119 countries over the 1995-2002 period. Next it uses the dataset to reassess the relationship between bank ownership and bank performance providing separated estimations for developing and industrial countries. It finds that ownership is strongly correlated with performance in developing countries but that ownership is not correlated with performance in industrial countries. In particular, the paper suggest that state-owned banks operating in developing countries tend to have lower profitability and higher costs than their private counterparts and that the opposite is true for foreign owned banks (which tend to be characterized by higher profitability and lower costs). We also find that, in developing countries, the entry of foreign banks play a useful role by making domestic banks more efficient in terms of overhead cost and spreads, although we do not find any effect on profitability of domestic banks.
Keywords: Banking, privatization, owership, performance
JEL Classification: G21, D21
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation