Child Care and Women's Labor Force Participation in Romania

32 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016

See all articles by Monica Fong

Monica Fong

World Bank

Michael Lokshin

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG); National Research University Higher School of Economics

Date Written: November 1999

Abstract

In Romania both the maternal decision to take a job and the decision to use out-of-home care are sensitive to the price of child care as well as to the potential market wage of the mother. A decrease in the price of child care can increase the number of mothers in the labor force and thus reduce poverty in some households.

Fong and Lokshin model the household demand for child care, the mother's participation in the labor force, and her working hours in Romania. Their model estimates the effects of the price of child care, the mother's wage, and household income on household behavior relating to child care and mothers working outside the home. They find that: · Both the maternal decision to take a job and the decision to use out-of-home care are sensitive to the price of child care. A decrease in the price of child care can increase the number of mothers who work and thus reduce poverty in some households. · The potential market wage of the mother has a significant positive effect on the decision to purchase market care and the decision to engage in paid employment. · The level of household nonwage income has little effect on maternal employment and the demand for child care.

In addition to facilitating women's work, kindergartens and creches appear to provide educational and social benefits for children. Close to half the children in these facilities have mothers who do not work.

Further research is needed to assess the cost and nature of these benefits and to determine the appropriate roles for the private and public sectors in providing, financing, and regulating such services for working and nonworking mothers.

This paper - a product of Poverty and Human Resources, Development Research Group - is part of a larger effort in the group to understand the role of gender in the context of the household, institutions, and society. Michael Lokshin may be contacted at mlokshin@worldbank.org.

Suggested Citation

Fong, Monica and Lokshin, Michael, Child Care and Women's Labor Force Participation in Romania (November 1999). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 2400. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=630773

Monica Fong

World Bank

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United States

Michael Lokshin (Contact Author)

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) ( email )

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Washington, DC 20433
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HOME PAGE: http://econ.worldbank.org/staff/mlokshin

National Research University Higher School of Economics

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