Bank of Finland Discussion Paper No. 15/2004
42 Pages Posted: 14 Dec 2004
Date Written: September 2004
Reduced exchange rate volatility and higher and less heterogeneous quality of institutional rules and macroeconomic policies are two of the main (anticipated and concurring) effects expected from a currency union. In this paper we measure the magnitude of these two effects on the Euro area countries, looking at real effective exchange rates (REER) and at different indicators of quality of institutional rules and macroeconomic policies (QIRMP). We find that the first effect is much stronger than the second when we compare relative changes on Euro area countries and the rest of the world in the relevant period. We further evaluate the impact of both effects on economic growth on a larger sample of countries. Our findings show that both have significant impact on levels (more robust) and on rates of growth (weaker) of per capita GDP.
Keywords: Real exchange rate, volatility, institutional rules, macroeconomic policy
JEL Classification: F15, F31
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation
Bagella, Michele and Becchetti, Leonardo and Hasan, Iftekhar, The Anticipated and Concurring Effects of the EMU: Exchange Rate Volatility, Institutions and Growth (September 2004). Bank of Finland Discussion Paper No. 15/2004. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=631522 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.631522