Household Strategies for Coping with Poverty and Social Exclusion in Post-Crisis Russia
27 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Date Written: February 26, 2001
For Russian households coping with economic hardship in the wake of the recent financial crisis, the choice of survival strategy has strongly depended on their human capital. The higher a household's level of human capital, the more likely it is to choose an active strategy. What strategies have Russian households used to cope with economic hardship in the wake of the recent financial crisis? Which coping strategies have been most effective in reducing poverty for different groups of households? And how have people been able to adapt to the dramatic drop in formal cash incomes?
Lokshin and Yemtsov look at these questions using subjective evaluations of coping strategies used by household survey respondents to mitigate the effects of the Russian financial crisis on their welfare. The data come from two rounds (1996 and 1998) of the Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey. The results of their analysis show that a household's choice of survival strategy strongly depends on its human capital: The higher its level of human capital, the more likely it is to choose an active strategy (such as finding a supplementary job or increasing home production).
Households with low levels of human capital, those headed by pensioners, and those whose members have low levels of education are more likely to suffer social exclusion. To prevent poverty from becoming entrenched, the trend toward marginalization and impoverishment of these groups of households needs to be monitored and targeted policy interventions need to be undertaken to reverse the trend.
This paper - a joint product of Poverty and Human Resources, Development Research Group, and Poverty Reduction and Economic Management Sector Unit, Europe and Central Asia Region - is part of a larger effort in the Bank to understand household-level vulnerability to shocks and the ability of households to cope with crisis.
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