Trade Policy, Standards, and Development in Central America

50 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016  

Gary Clyde Hufbauer

Peter G. Peterson Institute for International Economics; Institute for International Economics

Barbara R Kotschwar

Organization of American States

John S. Wilson

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: April 2001

Abstract

Faster economic growth and expansion of exports in Central America in the 21st century will depend on many factors. These include efficient and modern standards systems and an end to technical barriers to trade. Regional efforts can be an efficient way to modernize standards systems.

After reviewing the current state of standards and trade in Central America, Hufbauer, Kotschwar, and Wilson suggest top priorities for reform from a trade policy perspective in a new and increasingly important area of public policy and development. They conclude that it makes sense to:
- Take a regional rather than a national approach to setting up accreditation, testing, and metrology infrastructure - to share equipment, experts, and information to get more bang out of limited funding.
- Promote regional bodies as venues for Central American countries to develop common positions in international discussions of the development of standards.
- Regionalize information-gathering efforts and use information technology to disseminate that information rapidly.
- Push for a sunset clause in international standards development, because standards have value only if adopted and used.

This paper - a product of Trade, Development Research Group - is part of a larger effort in the group to build capacity and explore links between trade, development, and standards. The authors may be contacted at ghufbauer@iie.com, bkotschwar@oas.org, or jswilson@worldbank.org.

Suggested Citation

Hufbauer, Gary Clyde and Kotschwar, Barbara R and Wilson, John S., Trade Policy, Standards, and Development in Central America (April 2001). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 2576. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=632645

Gary Clyde Hufbauer

Peter G. Peterson Institute for International Economics ( email )

1750 Massachusetts Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20036
United States

Institute for International Economics ( email )

1750 Massachusetts Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20036-1903
United States

Barbara R Kotschwar

Organization of American States

1889 F St. NW
Washington, DC 20006
United States
202-458-3605 (Phone)

John S. Wilson (Contact Author)

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) ( email )

1818 H. Street, N.W.
MSN3-311
Washington, DC 20433
United States

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