Community Programs and Women's Participation: The Chinese Experience

36 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016

See all articles by David P. Coady

David P. Coady

International Monetary Fund (IMF)

Xinyi Dai

Fudan University

Limin Wang

World Bank - Research Department

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: June 2001

Abstract

Effectively implemented gender-focused interventions can have substantial social benefits when supported by the necessary legal and institutional framework, judging from this rural program in China. Using household data specifically collected for the purpose of evaluation, Coady, Dai, and Wang empirically evaluate the impact on household income of a rural program in China that focuses on increasing women's economic and social participation in the local community. They find that the program substantially increases women's participation and household income, and also generates positive social benefits.

The authors' results also suggest that the income gains accrue only to participants, and partly at the expense of nonparticipants. They find that the magnitude of the program's impact depends sensitively on the program's ability to increase participation rates within villages. In the presence of the program, individual participation helps to prevent negative externalities and to buy into the positive gains accruing to participants. The authors' results support the view that effectively implemented gender-focused interventions can have substantial social benefits when supported by the necessary legal and institutional framework.

This paper - a product of the Poverty Reduction and Economic Management Sector Unit, East Asia and Pacific Region - is part of a larger effort in the region to better understand the impact of gender-focused policies on development.

Keywords: Gender bias, women's participation, social capital, public policy, China

JEL Classification: I38, J15, J70, O1

Suggested Citation

Coady, David P. and Dai, Xinyi and Wang, Limin, Community Programs and Women's Participation: The Chinese Experience (June 2001). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 2622. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=632690

David P. Coady (Contact Author)

International Monetary Fund (IMF) ( email )

700 19th Street NW
Washington, DC 20431
United States

Xinyi Dai

Fudan University

Beijing West District Baiyun Load 10th
Shanghai, 100045
China

Limin Wang

World Bank - Research Department ( email )

1818 H Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20433
United States
202-473-7596 (Phone)
202-522-1735 (Fax)

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