The Liquidity Effect in the Federal Funds Market: Evidence from Daily Open Market Operations
36 Pages Posted: 19 Dec 2004
Date Written: September 2004
We use forecast errors made by the Federal Reserve while preparing open market operations to identify a liquidity effect at a daily frequency in the federal funds market. Unlike Hamilton (1997), we find a liquidity effect on many days of the reserve maintenance period besides settlement day. The effect is non-linear; large changes in supply have a measurable effect, but small changes do not. In addition, a higher aggregate level of reserve balances in the banking system is associated with a smaller liquidity effect during the maintenance period but a larger liquidity effect on the last days of the period.
Keywords: Liquidity effect, federal funds market
JEL Classification: E40, E43, E52, E58
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation