Globalization: A New Role for Developing Countries in an Integrating World
72 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Date Written: July 1996
The authors analyze whether form of ownership affects the substitutability of internal and external sources of finance. In particular, they test whether financial constraints are more severe for independent firms, and whether members of large national business groups suffer different constraints than subsidiaries of foreign multinational corporations. The results for leverage and investment equations estimated for a panel of Italian companies suggest that: a) independent firms face more severe financial constraints than other firms do; and b) members of national groups and subsidiaries of multinational corporations are not oversensitive to cash flow in their investment decisions. But leverage equations suggest interesting differences between the two groups. In particular, agency costs arising from the conflict between managers and shareholders are more important for subsidiaries of multinational corporations.
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