Poverty and Survival Prospects of Vietnamese Children Under Doi Moi

Posted: 20 Apr 2016

See all articles by Adam Wagstaff

Adam Wagstaff

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

Nga Nguyet Nguyen

World Bank

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: April 26, 2002

Abstract

By international standards, and given its relatively low per capita income, Vietnam has achieved substantial reductions in, and low levels of, infant and under-five mortality. Wagstaff and Nguyen review existing evidence and provide new evidence on whether, under the economic liberalization program known as Doi Moi, this reduction in child mortality has been sustained. They conclude that it has, but that the gains have been concentrated among the better-off. As a result, socioeconomic inequalities in child survival are evident in Vietnam - a change from the early 1990s when none were apparent. The authors develop survival models to find the causes of this differential decline in child mortality, and conclude that a number of factors have been at work, including reductions among the poor (but not among the better-off) in coverage of health services and in women's educational attainment. They argue that if the experience of the late 1990s is a guide to the future, the lack of progress among the poor will jeopardize Vietnam's chances of achieving the international development goals for child mortality.

The authors examine various policy scenarios, including expanding coverage of health services, water and sanitation, and find that such measures, while useful, will have only a limited effect on the mortality of poor children. They find that programs aimed at narrowing the gap between the poor and better-off may have large beneficial effects on the various determinants of child survival.

This paper - a product of Public Services, Development Research Group - is part of a larger effort in the group to investigate the links between health and poverty.

Suggested Citation

Wagstaff, Adam and Nguyen, Nga Nguyet, Poverty and Survival Prospects of Vietnamese Children Under Doi Moi (April 26, 2002). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 2832. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=636181

Adam Wagstaff (Contact Author)

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) ( email )

1818 H. Street, N.W.
MSN3-311
Washington, DC 20433
United States

HOME PAGE: http://econ.worldbank.org/staff/awagstaff

Nga Nguyet Nguyen

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Abstract Views
626
PlumX Metrics