Sector Organization, Governance, and the Inefficiency of African Water Utilities
21 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Date Written: September 2002
Estache and Kouassi analyze the determinants of the efficiency levels reached by 21 African water utilities. They assess efficiency through the estimation of a production frontier for the sector in Africa. The efficiency estimates confirm much of the common perceptions from partial productivity indicators. They point to a great heterogeneity in the African water utilities' performances, the predominance of constant returns to scale, and the great rate of technological progress. And the authors show that the institutional capacity of the country, as well as its governance quality, are significant driving factors in the performance of each firm.
This paper - a product of the Governance, Regulation, and Finance Division, World Bank Institute - is part of a larger effort in the institute to promote the understanding of regulatory issues.
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