Abstract

https://ssrn.com/abstract=636344
 
 

References (42)



 
 

Citations (7)



 


 



Trade Liberalization and Labor Market Adjustment in Brazil


Nina Pavcnik


Dartmouth College - Department of Economics; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Andreas Blom


World Bank

Pinelopi Goldberg


Yale University - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); Yale University - Cowles Foundation

Norbert Schady


World Bank - Development Research Group

October 2002

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 2982

Abstract:     
The authors study the impact of the 1988-94 trade liberalization in Brazil on wage distribution. They explore three main channels through which trade liberalization could have affected wage distribution: (1) increasing returns to skilled workers because of Hecksher-Ohlin adjustments to trade policy; (2) trade-induced skill-biased technological change; and (3) changes in industry wage premiums. The results suggest that trade reform in Brazil did contribute to the growing skill premium through skill-biased technological change, which was partially instigated by increased foreign competition. The authors also find that sector-specific returns to skill increased more in sectors with bigger tariff reductions. But they find little support for Hecksher-Ohlin type adjustments to trade reform. Overall, the effects of trade reform on wage inequality seem relatively small.

This paper - a product of the Poverty Sector Unit, Latin America and the Caribbean Region - is part of a larger effort in the region to understand the effects of globalization on inequality in developing countries.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 46


Open PDF in Browser Download This Paper

Date posted: April 20, 2016  

Suggested Citation

Pavcnik, Nina and Blom, Andreas and Goldberg, Pinelopi and Schady, Norbert, Trade Liberalization and Labor Market Adjustment in Brazil (October 2002). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 2982. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=636344

Contact Information

Nina Pavcnik (Contact Author)
Dartmouth College - Department of Economics ( email )
6106 Rockefeller Hall
Hanover, NH 03755
United States
603-646-2537 (Phone)
603-646-2122 (Fax)
Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)
77 Bastwick Street
London, EC1V 3PZ
United Kingdom
National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)
1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States
Andreas Blom
World Bank ( email )
1818 H Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20433
United States
Pinelopi (Penny) Goldberg
Yale University - Department of Economics ( email )
P.O. Box 208268
37 Hillhouse Avenue
New Haven, CT 06520-8268
United States
203-432-3569 (Phone)
203-432-6323 (Fax)
National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)
1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States
Yale University - Cowles Foundation
Box 208281
New Haven, CT 06520-8281
United States

Norbert Schady
World Bank - Development Research Group ( email )
1818 H Street NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States
HOME PAGE: http://econ.worldbank.org/staff/nschady
Feedback to SSRN


Paper statistics
Abstract Views: 1,504
Downloads: 246
Download Rank: 97,868
References:  42
Citations:  7