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https://ssrn.com/abstract=636388
 
 

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Strategic Approaches to Science and Technology in Development


Robert Watson


World Bank

Michael Crawford


World Bank

Sara Farley


World Bank

April 11, 2003

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 3026

Abstract:     
Watson, Crawford, and Farley examine the ways in which science and technology (S&T) support poverty alleviation and economic development and how these themes have been given emphasis or short shrift in various areas of the World Bank's work. Central to their thesis is the now well-established argument that development will increasingly depend on a country's ability to understand, interpret, select, adapt, use, transmit, diffuse, produce, and commercialize scientific and technological knowledge in ways appropriate to its culture, aspirations, and level of development. The authors go beyond this tenet, analyzing the importance of S&T for development within specific sectors. They present policy options for enhancing the effectiveness of S&T systems in developing countries, review previous experience of the World Bank and other donors in supporting S&T, and suggest changes that the World Bank and its partners can adopt to increase the impact of the work currently undertaken in S&T. The authors' main messages are:

- S&T has always been important for development, but the unprecedented pace of advancement of scientific knowledge is rapidly creating new opportunities for and threats to development.

- Most developing countries are largely unprepared to deal with the changes that S&T advancement will bring.

- The World Bank's numerous actions in various domains of S&T could be more effective in producing the needed capacity improvements in client countries.

- The World Bank could have a greater impact if it paid increased attention to S&T in education, health, rural development, private sector development, and the environment.

The strategy emphasizes four S&T policy areas: education and human resources development, the private sector, the public sector, and information communications technologies.

The paper - a joint product of the Education Team, Human Development Network, and the Environmentally and Socially Sustainable Development Vice Presidency - is part of a larger effort in the Bank to engage client countries in an active science and technology dialogue while increasing awareness of the centrality of these issues to the Bank's work.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 62


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Date posted: April 20, 2016  

Suggested Citation

Watson, Robert and Crawford, Michael and Farley, Sara, Strategic Approaches to Science and Technology in Development (April 11, 2003). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 3026. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=636388

Contact Information

Robert Watson (Contact Author)
World Bank ( email )
1818 H Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20433
United States
Michael Crawford
World Bank
1818 H Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20433
United States
Sara Farley
World Bank ( email )
1818 H Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20433
United States
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