Information Diffusion in International Markets

26 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016

See all articles by Alejandro Izquierdo

Alejandro Izquierdo

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) - Research Department

Marcelo Olarreaga

University of Geneva; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Jacques P. Morisset

World Bank - Foreign Investment Advisory Service (FIAS)

Multiple version iconThere are 3 versions of this paper

Date Written: April 15, 2003

Abstract

Globalization has been a persistent phenomenon of the post-war period. The gross volume of cross-border capital flows has grown at an average of 25 percent a year, and trade in goods and services has also increased, albeit not as dramatically, but at least twice as fast as world GDP over the past 20 years. Yet, consumers and investors continue to spend and hold a disproportionate share of their assets in local markets - the so-called home-bias has been emphasized by many recent empirical studies. For many researchers, this home bias reflects information asymmetries and the fact that acquiring information across international borders is relatively costly.

The main objective of the authors is to identify channels through which information gets disseminated across international markets. They consider three potential channels through which information can affect import and foreign equity purchase decisions in 14 OECD countries. The first channel consists of information spillovers from the commercial to the financial markets and vice-versa. Financial investors and importers share common information, which is also frequently conveyed to them by the same source - banks or financial intermediaries. The second and third channels emphasize seller and buyer reputations in international markets. The seller reputation channel stresses the importance given by, for example, importers in the United States who are considering buying products from Italy to the experience that Canadian and Japanese importers may have accumulated on Italian exporters. The buyer reputation channel examines to what extent a foreign investor or trader seeks information on the reliability of the foreign buyer by assessing his reputation in other countries. While the last two channels are equally important in explaining bilateral import flows, buyer reputation appears to be of greater importance for equity flows in the sample.

The authors argue that these three channels may help provide some insights about the recent episodes of contagion across markets and countries that occurred over the past decade. These information channels can create virtuous or vicious circles that may, in turn, lead to unexpected changes in investors' and traders' behaviors across markets.

This paper - a product of Trade, Development Research Group - is part of a larger effort in the group to understand international capital and trade flows.

Suggested Citation

Izquierdo, Alejandro and Olarreaga, Marcelo and Morisset, Jacques P., Information Diffusion in International Markets (April 15, 2003). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 3032. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=636394

Alejandro Izquierdo (Contact Author)

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) - Research Department ( email )

1300 New York Ave., NW
Washington, DC 20577
United States

Marcelo Olarreaga

University of Geneva ( email )

40 Boulevard du Pont-d'Arve
Genève, CH - 1205
Switzerland

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR) ( email )

London
United Kingdom

Jacques P. Morisset

World Bank - Foreign Investment Advisory Service (FIAS) ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States
202-473-0127 (Phone)
202-522-3262 (Fax)

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