Dollarization of the Banking System: Good or Bad?
43 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Date Written: August 6, 2003
De Nicolo, Honohan, and Ize assess the benefits and risks associated with dollarization of the banking system. The authors provide novel empirical evidence on the determinants of dollarization, its role in promoting financial development, and on whether dollarization is associated with financial instability. They find that:
- The credibility of macroeconomic policy and the quality of institutions are both key determinants of cross-country variations in dollarization.
- Dollarization is likely to promote financial deepening only in a high inflation environment.
- Financial instability is likely higher in dollarized economies.
The authors discuss the implications of these findings for financial sector and monetary policies.
This paper - a joint product of Finance, Development Research Group, and the Monetary and Financial Systems Department, International Monetary Fund - is part of a larger effort to examine institutional determinants of financial development and stability.
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation