Individual Attitudes Toward Corruption: Do Social Effects Matter?
24 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Date Written: August 2003
Using individual-level data for 35 countries, Gatti, Paternostro, and Rigolini investigate the microeconomic determinants of attitudes toward corruption. They find women, employed, less wealthy, and older individuals to be more averse to corruption. The authors also provide evidence that social effects play an important role in determining individual attitudes toward corruption, as these are robustly and significantly associated with the average level of tolerance of corruption in the region. This finding lends empirical support to theoretical models where corruption emerges in multiple equilibria and suggests that big-push policies might be particularly effective in combatting corruption.
This paper - a joint product of Investment Climate, Development Research Group, and the Poverty Group, Poverty Reduction and Economic Management Network - is part of a larger effort in the Bank to understand the determinants of corruption.
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