Gender and Poverty: A Life Cycle Approach to the Analysis of the Differences in Gender Outcomes

31 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016

See all articles by Michael Lokshin

Michael Lokshin

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG); National Research University Higher School of Economics

Thomas A. Mroz

Department of Economics, Andrew Young School of Policy Studies

Date Written: October 2003

Abstract

Lokshin and Mroz study complex interactions between gender and poverty in postwar Bosnia and Herzegovina. The goal of their analysis is to uncover how a spectrum of gender differentials at different parts of the life cycle varies across income groups. Using the data from the 2001 Bosnia and Herzegovina Living Standards Measurement Study, the authors find strong gender-poverty interaction in the patterns of labor force participation, gender gap in earnings, individuals' school finances, and school attendance. The main source of gender inequality seems to come from differences in investments in girls' and boys' educations that increase with declines in income levels. Short-term income shocks could lead to long-term increases in gender inequality in households with school age children, unless there is ready access to credit markets. The authors also find that the magnitude of the impact of economic development on gender differences in Bosnia will depend on where the growth is concentrated. If the poor capture at least some benefits of economic growth, the gender differences in household investment in human capital of their children will decline. If, on the other hand, growth is concentrated among the richest, then important gender disparities could remain pervasive.

This paper - a product of the Poverty Team, Development Research Group - is part of a larger effort in the group to understand interactions between gender and poverty.

Suggested Citation

Lokshin, Michael and Mroz, Thomas A., Gender and Poverty: A Life Cycle Approach to the Analysis of the Differences in Gender Outcomes (October 2003). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 3153. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=636572

Michael Lokshin (Contact Author)

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) ( email )

1818 H. Street, N.W.
MSN3-311
Washington, DC 20433
United States
202-473-1772 (Phone)
202-522-1153 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://econ.worldbank.org/staff/mlokshin

National Research University Higher School of Economics

Myasnitskaya street, 20
Moscow, Moscow 119017
Russia

Thomas A. Mroz

Department of Economics, Andrew Young School of Policy Studies ( email )

P.O. Box 3992
Atlanta, GA 30302-3992
United States

Here is the Coronavirus
related research on SSRN

Paper statistics

Downloads
154
Abstract Views
1,409
rank
205,175
PlumX Metrics