Multiple Inclusion and Community Networks

25 Pages Posted: 21 Dec 2004

See all articles by Irma Bogenrieder

Irma Bogenrieder

Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM)

Peter J. van Baalen

University of Amsterdam

Date Written: 27 2004, 10


Community membership has changed over the last decades. Most people participate in different communities simultaneously in order to satisfy different individual interests. This network individualism might threaten the sustainability of modern communities, like communities of practice (CoPs). In this paper we discuss the consequences of this notion for membership in a community. The unit of analysis in this paper is not a stand-alone community of practice but the multiple included individual as a node of various networks. This multiple inclusion is deemed to be important for the knowledge sharing between different CoPs. Taking this idea into account our analyses reveals the need to redefine the concept of legitimacy in a community. Our underlying assumption is that broadening legitimacies facilitates multiple inclusion of an individual and, in this way, supports the sustainability of a community of practice.

Keywords: community of practice, network individualism, partial inclusion, multiple inclusion, network bridges, social ties

JEL Classification: M, M10, L2, M12, M19

Suggested Citation

Bogenrieder, Irma and van Baalen, Peter J., Multiple Inclusion and Community Networks (27 2004, 10). Available at SSRN:

Irma Bogenrieder (Contact Author)

Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM) ( email )

P.O. Box 1738
3000 DR Rotterdam
+31 10 408 2584/1979 (Phone)
+31 10 408 9015 (Fax)


Peter J. Van Baalen

University of Amsterdam ( email )

Roeterstraat 11
Amsterdam, Z-H 1018 WB
+31 20 525 4320 (Phone)

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