Business Services in Germany: Bridges for Innovation

Service Industries Journal, Vol. 23, No. 2, pp. 1-31

Posted: 3 Jan 2005

See all articles by Dirk Czarnitzki

Dirk Czarnitzki

Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW); Catholic University of Leuven (KUL)

Alfred Spielkamp

University of Applied Sciences Gelsenkirchen

Abstract

During the last 20 years, R&D and innovation activities in the service sector have clearly increased. Especially business services are believed to be one of the main drivers of technical changes and economic progress. Looking at the labour indices calculated over the period from 1982 to 1996 one notices a remarkable increase of over 70 percent for the business services. About 8 percent of total employment in West Germany is in business services. In particular, by taking advantage of information and communication technologies, knowledge-intensive business service firms increasingly play the role of converters of technological information within the economy. They are providers, purchasers or partners in the context of innovation. A sound innovation capacity, especially knowledge, creativity, market and management skills let them become bridges for innovation.

Keywords: Business Services, R&D, Innovation, Technical Change, ICT, Knowledge Flows

JEL Classification: C20, D21, L11, L80, O30

Suggested Citation

Czarnitzki, Dirk and Czarnitzki, Dirk and Spielkamp, Alfred, Business Services in Germany: Bridges for Innovation. Service Industries Journal, Vol. 23, No. 2, pp. 1-31, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=639128

Dirk Czarnitzki (Contact Author)

Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW) ( email )

P.O. Box 10 34 43
Mannheim, 68034
Germany

Catholic University of Leuven (KUL) ( email )

Faculty of Economics and Business
Naamsestraat 69
Leuven, 3000
Belgium
+32 16 326906 (Phone)
+32 16 325799 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.econ.kuleuven.be/msi/faculty_members.htm

Alfred Spielkamp

University of Applied Sciences Gelsenkirchen ( email )

Neidenburgerstrasse 43
D-45877 Gelsenkirchen
Germany
02 09 / 95 96 - 634 (Phone)
02 09 / 95 96 - 684 (Fax)

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Abstract Views
954
PlumX Metrics